Here at Compass Physio we have lots of enquiries about flat feet. With questions like

  • Do I need insoles?
  • Will they get worse?
  • What exercises can I do?

  What is Pes Planus? Flatfoot (pesplanus) is a condition in which the arch in the foot, which runs along the sole of the foot, has not developed normally and is lowered towards the ground. The arch of the foot provides elastic recoil to the foot during high loading activities. One foot or both feet may be affected at a given time   Quick facts

  •         The arch of the foot is not fully developed until the age of 5 in children.
  •         Around 30 % of the general population have a form of flat feet.
  •         There is limited evidence to show any increased risk of increased injury or foot issues due to flat feet.

    What causes flatfoot? Hereditary family history of flat feet is the most common cause Other causes include

  •         Arthritis
  •         Ruptured tendon
  •         Diabetics
  •         Certain neurological conditions
  •        Weakness of the muscles around the ankle and lower leg

What are the symptoms? People who have flat feet rarely have symptoms or problems. Some people may experience episodes of pain which may be because of:

  •         Changes in footwear.
  •         Minor soft tissue injury.
  •         Sudden weight gain.
  •         Excessive standing, walking, jumping, or running.
  •         Changes to training programs

  How is it treated?

Here at Compass Physio you will be fully assessed by a chartered physiotherapist who will manage your diagnosis. We will work with you to reduce any pain or discomfort you are having around your feet or ankles.

Treatment in adults generally consists of managing excess loading, this will typically include working to a tailored exercise program, education around footwear and self-management.

Your physiotherapist may recommend padding for the heel (heel wedge) or orthotics if necessary. They can help to balance the foot in a neutral position and cushion the foot from excessive loading.  



What can physiotherapy do to help? The goal of physiotherapy with flat feet is to reduce any pain and prevent any future injuries. Exercise based rehabilitation will help to build strength in areas which may be contributing to excess loading of the foot and help to reduce the risk of re-injury.

Under the guidance of a chartered physiotherapist you will be given a graded set of exercises that will allow you to gradually build up your strength and return to normal activity.

Stay mobile it is important to keep moving as this will help to speed up the recovery.  


To find out how Compass Physio can help, call 046 954 9456 (this number covers all clinics), click here to book online.

You can also email any questions to info@compassphysio.ie

Paddy Mulligan MISCP Chartered Physiotherapist Compass Physio  

Call Us: 046 954 9456
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